Important facts Indian Railways Description: The Indian Railways is the largest railway network in Asia and the second largest railway network in the world. It has been the main component of India’s transport sector by more than 160 years. It is the world’s largest employer with more than 13 million employees. It not only plays an important role in meeting the country’s basic structural requirements but has played a important role in connecting the regions together. Indian Railways has been a major contributor in delivering relief materials to distressed areas during the national emergencies.
Important facts Indian Railways Description-
The railway is the main medium of transport in economy. The Indian Railways is a very simple medium for carrying large quantities of goods and travelling long distances. It is the country’s lifeblood and is the key place for its social-economic development.
Important Railways and achievements
Darjeeling Himalayan Railway which has a very old rail arrangement of narrow gauge has been declared her world heritage by UNESCO. This rail is still moving from diesel. Nowadays it runs from new Jalpaiguri to Siliguri. In this way the station located at the most height is roaming.
- Nilgiri Mountain Rail It has also been declared World heritage.
- Palace on Wheels, Samjhauta Express, Konkan Railway, Deccan Odyssey, Thar Express, Shatabdi Express, Rajdhani Express etc!
- Life Line Express is the Indian Railway’s Transit Hospital service which is used in accidents and other situations.
Rail Engine Construction Center
- Chittaranjan Locomotive Works, Chittaranjan (electrical engine)
- Diesel locomotive Works, Varanasi (diesel engine)
- Diesel component works, Patiala (Diesel engine Purje)
- Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company Limited, Chittaranjan (diesel engine)
- Diesel Locomotive Company, Jamshedpur (diesel engine)
- Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited, Bhopal (diesel engine)
Rail Compartment Construction Center
- Integral Coach Factory Perambur (Chennai) b. G. Cartoner Construction
- Rail Coach Factory, Kapurthala (Pb) b. G. Box Building
- Chittaranjan Locomotive Works, Chittaranjan
- Bharat Arathamuuvaras Limited Bengaluru (Karnataka)
- Joseph & Co Ltd, Kolkata (P. Bengal)
- Wheel & Excel, Bengaluru (Karnataka)
Railway Training Center
- Indian Railway Institute of Mechanical and Electronic, engineering, Jamalpur.
Railway Staff College, Baroda
- Indian Railway Institute of Signal Engineering and Haley Communication, Secunderabad.
- Indian Railway Institute of Civil Engineering, Pune
- Indian Railway Institute of Electrical Engineering, Nashik.
“Top 5” Major trains
Rajdhani Express – These trains are an air-conditioned railway that connects India’s main cities directly to capital Delhi, so it is called Rajdhani Express. These also include the fastest trains in India that can run at a speed of around 130-140 km per hour. It was started in 1969
Gatimaan Express – India’s fastest railway running from Delhi to Agra at a speed of 160 km per hour. These rails are fixed at 188 km distance from Hazrat Nizamuddin in Agra only 100 minutes.
Shatabdi Express – The Shatabdi Rail is an air-conditioned intercity rail that only runs day. The Bhopal century Express is one of the fastest railways in India, moving between Delhi to Agra. These trains can reach a speed of 150 km per hour. Its beginning occurred in 1988.
Duronto Express-Start in 2009, this rail service is a non-stop rail which combines the capitals of India’s Metro cities and states. The speed of this rail is almost equal to Rajdhani Express.
AC Express – these full air-conditioned trains connect India’s main cities. It also includes India’s fastest trains with a speed of around 130 km per hour.
Some Important Facts
- A station is known as a Terminal when the trains can enter and leave the station in only one direction. In other words, the track ends in the other direction. A train has to leave in the same direction as it entered.
- A Central is a busiest and most important station in a city, which has multiple stations. It deals with a large number of arrivals and departures.
- If there are at least 3 different routes coming in and going out of a station, then it is called a Junction.
- The X marks on the last box of the train means that there is no further compartment.
- Large stones are hanged on the pole so that no wire can be loose.
- On the side of the track, the insulator (plastic box) is placed above the wires of the electric poles, so that no one can see the current!